December 1, 2021 — With HIV, treatment is prevention. Antiretroviral treatment has transformed HIV/AIDS from being an acute, life-threatening condition to one that can be managed for a lifetime. And when the condition is well managed, it is not transmissible. 

“If a person living with HIV consistently takes their antiretroviral medications, they will mostly achieve viral suppression to the point that a person cannot transmit the virus sexually,” said Sebastian Seiguer, J.D., MBA, CEO of emocha Health, pointing to the importance of medication adherence. 

The shift of HIV/AIDS from an acute to a chronic condition that can be managed through medications is one of 13 things to know about HIV/AIDS, written in honor of World AIDS Day 2021.